World's Fairs on the Eve of War: Science, Technology, and - download pdf or read online

By Robert H. Kargon,Karen Fiss,Morris Low,Arthur P. Molella

ISBN-10: 0822944448

ISBN-13: 9780822944447

Since the 1st world’s reasonable in London in 1851, on the sunrise of the period of industrialization, overseas expositions served as perfect structures for rival countries to exhibit their developments in layout, structure, technological know-how and expertise, undefined, and politics. earlier than the outbreak of global conflict II, nations competing for management at the international degree waged a distinct form of war—with cultural achievements and propaganda—appealing to their very own nationwide strengths and types of modernity within the fight for strength. World’s gala's at the Eve of War examines 5 gala's and expositions from around the globe—including 3 that have been staged (Paris, 1937; Dusseldorf, 1937; and ny, 1939–40), and that have been in improvement sooner than the struggle all started yet by no means achieved (Tokyo, 1940; and Rome, 1942). This coauthored paintings considers representations of technological know-how and expertise at world’s gala's as influential cultural forces and at a severe second in heritage, whilst tensions and ideological divisions among political regimes may quickly bring about war.

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Download e-book for iPad: Freiheit der Wissenschaft (German Edition) by Friedemann Voigt

By Friedemann Voigt

ISBN-10: 3110266148

ISBN-13: 9783110266146

technological know-how and medical improvement are more and more topic to differentiations and specializations which are ever more durable to speak to most people. this is often mirrored in doubts concerning the freedom of technology and, conversely, in efforts to actualize it as an enormous source of society. Freedom of technological know-how has hence turn into the focus of varied complex issues and is the following tested from the point of view of physics, drugs, legislations, philosophy of technology and ethics.

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Get Science and Technology in the Global Cold War PDF

By Naomi Oreskes,John Krige

ISBN-10: 026202795X

ISBN-13: 9780262027953

ISBN-10: 0262526530

ISBN-13: 9780262526531

The chilly warfare interval observed a dramatic growth of state-funded technology and know-how examine. govt and armed forces patronage formed chilly conflict technoscientific practices, enforcing equipment that have been venture orientated, crew dependent, and topic to national-security regulations. those adjustments affected not only the hands race and the gap race but in addition learn in agriculture, biomedicine, machine technological know-how, ecology, meteorology, and different fields. This quantity examines technology and know-how within the context of the chilly conflict, contemplating no matter if the recent associations and institutional preparations that emerged globally limited technoscientific inquiry or provided better possibilities for it. The members locate that regardless of the specific technology, and regardless of the political procedure within which that technology was once working, the information that used to be produced bore a few relation to the pursuits of the geographical region. those pursuits diversified from state to country; guns learn was once emphasised within the usa and the Soviet Union, for instance, yet in France and China clinical independence and self-reliance ruled. The participants additionally deliberate to what volume the alterations to technological know-how and expertise practices during this period have been produced via the explicit politics, anxieties, and aspirations of the chilly War.ContributorsElena Aronova, Erik M. Conway, Angela N. H. Creager, David Kaiser, John Krige, Naomi Oreskes, George Reisch, Sigrid Schmalzer, Sonja D. Schmid, Matthew Shindell, Asif A. Siddiqi, Zuoyue Wang, Benjamin Wilson

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Download e-book for iPad: Measuring Manhood: Race and the Science of Masculinity, by Melissa N. Stein

By Melissa N. Stein

ISBN-10: 0816673020

ISBN-13: 9780816673025

ISBN-10: 0816673039

ISBN-13: 9780816673032

From the “gay gene” to the “female mind” and African American scholars’ inadequate “hereditary heritage” for larger schooling, arguments a few organic foundation for human distinction have reemerged within the twenty-first century. Measuring Manhood shows the place they received their start.

Melissa N. Stein analyzes how race turned the purview of technological know-how in 19th- and early twentieth-century the United States and the way it was once built as a organic phenomenon with far-reaching social, cultural, and political resonances. She tells of medical “experts” who suggested the state on its such a lot urgent concerns and exposes their use of gender and intercourse adjustments to conceptualize or buttress their claims approximately racial distinction. Stein examines the works of scientists and students from medication, biology, ethnology, and different fields to track how their conclusions approximately human distinction did not less than to legitimize sociopolitical hierarchy within the United States.

Covering a variety of old actors from Samuel Morton, the notorious collector and measurer of skulls within the 1830s, to NAACP chief and antilynching activist Walter White within the Nineteen Thirties, this ebook unearths the position of gender, intercourse, and sexuality within the clinical making?and unmaking?of race.

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Download PDF by Alisha Rankin,Elaine, Ms Leong,Alisha, Professor Rankin: Secrets and Knowledge in Medicine and Science, 1500–1800

By Alisha Rankin,Elaine, Ms Leong,Alisha, Professor Rankin

ISBN-10: 0754668541

ISBN-13: 9780754668541

Secrets performed a principal function in modifications in clinical and clinical wisdom in early smooth Europe. As a brand new fascination with novelty started to take carry from the past due 15th century, Europeans thirsted for formerly unknown information about the wildlife: new vegetation, animals, and different gadgets from nature, new recipes for clinical and alchemical approaches, new wisdom in regards to the human physique, and new evidence in regards to the approach nature labored. those 'secrets' grew to become renowned goods of trade and alternate, because the quest for brand new and unique bits of data met the colourful early glossy industry. no matter if disclosed commonly in print or saved extra circumspect in manuscripts, secrets and techniques helped force an increasing curiosity in buying wisdom all through early sleek Europe.

Bringing jointly overseas students, this quantity offers a pan-European and interdisciplinary assessment at the subject. each one essay deals major new interpretations of the function performed via secrets and techniques of their zone of specialization. Chapters handle key subject matters in early glossy historical past and the heritage of drugs, technological know-how and expertise together with: the ownership, flow and trade of mystery wisdom throughout Europe; alchemical secrets and techniques and laboratory strategies; patronage and the upper-class marketplace for secrets and techniques; clinical secrets and techniques and the rising marketplace for proprietary medicinal drugs; secrets and techniques and cosmetics; secrets and techniques and the physique and eventually gender and secrets and techniques.

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Download PDF by Freeman J Dyson: Birds and Frogs:Selected Papers of Freeman Dyson, 1990–2014

By Freeman J Dyson

ISBN-10: 981460285X

ISBN-13: 9789814602853

ISBN-10: 9814602868

ISBN-13: 9789814602860

This ebook is a sequel to the amount of chosen papers of Dyson as much as 1990 that was once released through the yankee Mathematical Society in 1996. the current version contains a set of the main fascinating writings of Freeman Dyson, all individually chosen by way of the writer, from the interval 1990–2014.

The 5 sections initiate with an creation, by means of Talks approximately technological know-how, Memoirs, Politics and heritage, and a few Technical Papers. the main noteworthy is a lecture entitled Birds and Frogs to the yankee Mathematical Society that describes forms of mathematicians with examples from genuine lifestyles. different priceless contributions contain an incredible tribute to C. N. Yang written for his retirement ceremonial dinner at Stony Brook college, in addition to a historic account of the Operational examine at RAF Bomber Command in global struggle II provocatively titled A Failure of Intelligence. the ultimate part contains the open-ended query of no matter if any a possibility scan may well discover unmarried gravitons to supply direct facts of the quantization of gravity — Is a Graviton Detectable? a variety of attainable graviton-detectors are examined.

This precious compilation includes unpublished lectures, and surveys many issues in technological know-how, arithmetic, heritage and politics, within which Freeman Dyson has been so lively and good revered round the world.

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Download e-book for iPad: From Man to Ape: Darwinism in Argentina, 1870-1920 by Adriana Novoa,Alex Levine

By Adriana Novoa,Alex Levine

ISBN-10: 0226596168

ISBN-13: 9780226596167

Upon its ebook, The starting place of Species was once severely embraced in Europe and North the US. yet how did Darwin’s theories fare in different areas of the realm? Adriana Novoa and Alex Levine supply the following a background and interpretation of the reception of Darwinism in Argentina, illuminating the methods tradition shapes clinical enterprise.

In order to discover how Argentina’s specific pursuits, goals, political anxieties, and prejudices formed medical study, From guy to Ape makes a speciality of Darwin’s use of analogies. either analogy and metaphor are culturally located, and via learning clinical task at Europe’s geographical and cultural outer edge, Novoa and Levine exhibit that regularly occurring analogies imagine unexpected and occasionally startling guises in Argentina. The transformation of those analogies within the Argentine context led science—as good because the interplay among technology, pop culture, and public policy—in miraculous instructions. In diverging from eu types, Argentine Darwinism unearths very much approximately either Darwinism and technology in general.

Novel in its procedure and its topic, From guy to Ape finds a brand new manner of realizing Latin American technology and its influence at the medical groups of Europe and North America.

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Download PDF by Paul H Barrett: The Works of Charles Darwin: Vol 10: The Foundations of the

By Paul H Barrett

ISBN-10: 1851962107

ISBN-13: 9781851962105

The 10th quantity in a 29-volume set which comprise all Charles Darwin's released works. Darwin used to be essentially the most influential figures of the nineteenth century. His paintings continues to be a primary topic of research within the heritage of rules, the background of technology, zoology, botany, geology and evolution.

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Download e-book for iPad: Finding Equilibrium: Arrow, Debreu, McKenzie and the Problem by Till Düppe

By Till Düppe

ISBN-10: 0691156646

ISBN-13: 9780691156644

Finding Equilibrium explores the post–World battle II transformation of economics by way of developing a historical past of the evidence of its vital dogma—that a aggressive marketplace economic system may well own a collection of equilibrium costs. The version economic climate for which the theory will be proved was once mapped out in 1954 by way of Kenneth Arrow and Gerard Debreu collaboratively, and by means of Lionel McKenzie individually, and might develop into well known because the "Arrow-Debreu Model." whereas Arrow and Debreu may later move directly to win separate Nobel prizes in economics, McKenzie might by no means obtain it. until eventually Düppe and E. Roy Weintraub discover the lives and paintings of those economists and the problems of medical credits opposed to the extreme backdrop of overlapping learn groups and an economics self-discipline that was once transferring dramatically to mathematical modes of expression.

Based on lately opened documents, Finding Equilibrium indicates the advanced interaction among every one man's own lifestyles and paintings, and examines compelling principles approximately medical credits, ebook, regard for various examine associations, and the awarding of Nobel prizes. rather than asking no matter if reputation was once rightly or wrongly given, and who have been the heroes or villains, the booklet considers attitudes towards highbrow credits and techniques to realize it vis-à-vis the groups that provide it.

Telling the tale at the back of the evidence of the imperative theorem in economics, Finding Equilibrium sheds gentle at the altering nature of the medical group and the serious connections among the non-public and public rewards of clinical work.

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New PDF release: Sir James Dewar, 1842–1923: A Ruthless Chemist (Science,

By J.S. Rowlinson

ISBN-10: 140940613X

ISBN-13: 9781409406136

Sir James Dewar used to be a big determine in British chemistry for round forty years. He held the posts of Jacksonian Professor of common Philosophy at Cambridge (1875-1923) and Fullerian Professor of Chemistry on the Royal establishment (1877-1923) and is remembered mostly for his efforts to liquefy hydrogen effectively within the box that may emerge as often called cryogenics. His experiments during this box led him to increase the vacuum flask, now traditionally referred to as the thermos, and in 1898 he used to be the 1st individual to effectively liquefy hydrogen. a guy of many pursuits, he used to be additionally, with Frederick Abel, the inventor of explosive cordite, an fulfillment that concerned him in a big felony conflict with Alfred Nobel. certainly, Dewar's profession observed him concerned about a couple of public quarrels with fellow scientists; he used to be a fierce and infrequently unscrupulous defender of his rights and his claims to precedence in a manner that throws a lot gentle at the medical spirit and perform of his day. This, the 1st scholarly biography of Dewar, seeks to resurrect and reinterpret a guy who used to be a tremendous of his time, yet is now unfortunately neglected. In so doing, the booklet will shed a lot new gentle at the medical tradition of the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries and the improvement of the sector of chemistry in Britain.

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